Tire Service Life Prediction

ARDL is working on establishing service life prediction of tire components to generate theoretically and experimentally derived oxidative profiles that match with field samples.

Our studies showed that the thermo-oxidative degradation of the tire components is influenced by a diffusion-limited-oxidative effect. Preliminary studies have demonstrated good agreement between the theoretically derived oxidation profiles and the experimentally obtained properties using tensile testing (modulus on microdumbell).

ARDL’s methodology is shown below. The first step is to define the characteristic(s) of each tire component non-destructively. Based on the function, a failure criterion is established from an unacceptable change which causes a particular damage. Changes may be in sulfidic crosslink densities, stiffness/modulus (static, impact and dynamic), peel adhesion, tear resistance, etc. The underlying mechanism involved in this change is identified and characterized. The rate of change is then determined by an accelerated laboratory test at different levels of severity and at different time intervals. It is important to keep the accelerated test condition similar to the service condition and perform the test at multiple temperatures higher than the average service temperature.

LEVEL 1: Preliminary Non-Destructive Evaluation

  • Shore Hardness of Tire
  • Tire Footprint Profile
  • Tire Inspection
  • Tire Shearography
  • Uniformity
  • Ultrasonic Evaluation
  • Whole Tire Air Permeation
  • Whole Tire Stiffness

LEVEL 2: Basic Component Testing

  • Dynamic Mechanical Testing (DMA)
  • Peel Test
  • Tensile Test on Wedge & Skim
  • Tire Modulus Profile
  • Total Crosslink Density Test
  • Total Oxygen Content Test

LEVEL 3: Complete Tire Analysis

  • 2-Ply Laminate Test
  • C13 & Proton NMR
  • Dynamic Mechanical Testing (DMA)
  • Finite Element Analysis (FEA)
  • High Strain Rate Impact Test
  • Interlaminar Shear Test
  • Mini DeMattia
  • Oxygen Consumption Modeling
  • Peel Test High Speed & High Temperature
  • Innerliner Permeation Test
  • Skim Crack Growth Properties
  • Tensile Test on Wedge & Skim
  • Tire Modulus Profile Static & Dynamic
  • Total Crosslink Density & Distribution Test
  • Total Oxygen Content Test
  • Ultrasonic Test


  • Tire Aging – Static & Dynamic


  • Tire Compound / Material Development


  • Tire Defect Failure Analysis & Reporting

Predictive Testing for:

  • Tire Service Life
  • Tire Safety
  • Tire Performance
  • Tire Failure

Using the Combined Techniques of:

  • “Ahagon” Type Aging Studies (Type I, II, and III Aging)
  • Arrhenius Techniques and Weibull Studies (based on accelerated aging)
  • Statistical Life Prediction Approach (Sigma Plot)
  • Finite Element Analysis (ABAQUS)
  • Dynamic & Vibration Study (Electrodynamic Shaker)
  • Field & Laboratory Data Correlation (Drum Testing)
  • Fracture Mechanics (Micro DeMattia, Planar Shear and Torsional Test)
  • Sulfidic Crosslink Densities (Sp, Sd, Sm) (DSC, FTIR, NMR, GC-MS & DMA)
  • Antidegradant Depletion Rate
  • Peel Adhesion Strength Testing

For more information about Tire Testing Services, please contact us at (866) 778-ARDL or (330) 794-6600.

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